Muslims Murder Twenty Six Christians On Bus

From Jihad-Watch:
Ramadan begins today. It is the month of jihad, the month when Muslims strive to please Allah more fervently. And so because murdering Infidels who are considered to be at war with Allah is a pious act, there is generally more bloodshed during Ramadan than during the rest of the year.

Gunmen in military fatigues opened fire on a bus carrying members of Egypt’s Coptic Christian minority killing at least 26 people, including children, the latest in a string of militant attacks targeting the community.

Another 26 were wounded in the assault in Minya province, some 200km south of Cairo, said Ministry of Health spokesman Khaled Mogahed.

The Copts were on their way to the Saint Samuel monastery, according to Minya’s governor Issam al-Bedewi. Bishop Anba Ermia, president of the Coptic Orthodox Cultural Centre, said on Twitter that the attack may have killed as many as 35 people in a convoy of vehicles.

Pictures of the bus aired by state television showed its windows shot out.

“They used automatic weapons,” Bedawi told state television.

Bedawi said police were fanning out along the road where the attack took place and had set up checkpoints.

The attack came days after Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi joined US President Donald Trump and top Arab leaders to launch a new centre in the Saudi capital Riyadh to combat the Islamist ideologies behind terrorism.

“They’re hitting at countries’ weakest points,” said Sami Nader, head of the Beirut-based Levant Institute for Strategic Affairs. “It’s not a classic war. Tanks, fighter jets are not fit to counter this kind of threat.”

The morning assault began when about 10 men wearing military-style clothing opened fire, according to Major Mohamed Abdel-Moneim, who’s with the Minya security directorate.

It occurred in upper Egypt, an area where militants had previously been active in the 1990s and 2000s, especially in fighting between the government and the Sunni group Gamaa Al-Islamiya. Tensions between Muslims and Christians frequently flare.

There was no immediate claim of responsibility for Friday’s attack.

In January, bombings killed dozens at two churches in the deadliest attacks in recent memory on the country’s Coptic Christian minority.

The first bombing on Palm Sunday at the Mar Girgis church in Tanta city, north of Cairo, killed 27 people, the health ministry said. The second struck outside Saint Mark’s church in Alexandria, killing 17 people after a suicide bomber was prevented from entering the building.

Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has been waging a deadly insurgency in the Sinai Peninsula and has claimed scores of attacks on security forces there

Men Arrested In Raid On Homosexual Sauna

From Jihad-Watch:
The arrests were likely part of a growing trend of intolerance toward the queer community in the world’s largest Muslim-majority nation.

Gays are brutalized and scorned in Indonesia for having “disease of the body and soul.” This is a country that was once deemed “moderate,” but is now enforcing strict Sharia adherence, and Sharia calls for the death of gays.

“Two gay men were publicly caned this week as crowds shouted to ‘hit them harder’….The couple, in their 20s, were sentenced to 85 lashes each by a Sharia court in Aceh province after being filmed by local vigilantes.”

Indonesian police have arrested more than 100 men in a weekend raid on a gay sauna in the capital Jakarta, a day before two men are to be publicly flogged for having same sex relations.

Authorities raided what they said was a sex party promoted as ‘The Wild One,’ held at a sauna and gym venue in Jakarta’s north on Sunday evening.

Police spokesperson Agus Yuwono confirmed that 141 men, including the owner and several performers, had been detained for questioning and could be charged under Indonesia’s pornography law.

Homosexuality is not illegal in Indonesia, but over the past 18 months the LGBT community has been subject to an unprecedented wave of discrimination and attacks, sparked by several controversial comments from conservative government ministers.

Last month police targeted a gathering of gay men in a hotel in Surabaya, following a tip-off from neighbours. Fourteen men were arrested and forced to undergo HIV tests.

Two men were also arrested in Banda Aceh in late March and convicted of sodomy under the province’s sharia law. The men were sentenced to 85 lashes with the cane, which will be meted out publicly in the provincial capital on Tuesday.

This will be the first time Aceh’s sharia courts have sentenced people to flogging for homosexual acts.

Yulita Rustinawati from the LGBT activist group Arus Pelangi said that while all the details of Sunday’s raid were not year clear, the arrests were likely part of a growing trend of intolerance toward the queer community in the world’s largest Muslim-majority nation.

“It’s been increasing for two years now,” Rustinawati said of the recent crackdowns

Muslim Faithful Urged To Attack Non Believers In Their Homes

From Express:
ISLAMIC State (ISIS) has called for attacks in Britain during the holy month of Ramadan, which starts tonight, after the Manchester bombing which killed 22 and maimed dozens more.

A sickening message is being circulated asking for lone wolf supporters to murder innocent people, like suicide bomber Salman Abedi did at Manchester Arena, can reveal.

Girls as young as eight were targeted when the 22-year-old carried a bomb into the foyer after an Ariana Grande concert.

Warped ISIS jihadis are now telling its brainwashed followers to carry out attacks over the holy month of Ramadan, which starts tonight.

The first Friday of the month of fasting is considered the holiest.

In 2015, more than 400 people were killed in ISIS attacks in France, Kuwait, Syria, Somalia and Tunisia – all on the first Friday of Ramadan.

A vile message spreading online said jihadis must “never leave one metre without making it hell on earth for disbelievers”.

Britain’s trauma hospitals have been told to prepare for an attack this Bank Holiday weekend, after the terror threat was raised to critical meaning an attack is “imminent”.

The army has been pulled in to defend the streets with police, and armed officers will patrol Britain’s trains for the first time.

Police are also on increased patrols, implementing anti-terror powers to carry out more stop and searches.

No specific threat has been identified, but intelligence sources believe Abedi was part of a wider ISIS network and had enough chemicals in his flat to build another explosive device.

The new video, which has chosen not to show, told ISIS fanatics to “wait and hide for them in houses, corners, roads” and carry out murders.

Their aim was to make Britons “forget their luxurious life”.

The message finished: “God bless you.”

The message specifically called for attacks in the US, Russia and across Europe, including Britain.

Among the top targets for the attacks, according to the message are “soldiers”, “the princes” and “ministers”.

Deluded fanboys of ISIS leader Abu Bakr-al Baghdadi called Ramadan the “month of jihad”.

A 12-minute rambling video delivers the message in Arabic with an English translation. has chosen not to reveal the location of the message, which also talks about immigration.

It claims “the tyrants on the island” have closed the door on immigration so should have the “door of Jihad opened in their faces”.

The twisted ISIS message says attacks on innocent children like the one in Manchester are “beloved”.

During the message the Koran is quoted and suicide bombers were told to carry out plans now.

Terror cells are told to “terrorise” the west until the point neighbours turn on each other.

But a show of unity in Manchester has inspired the globe, with thousands turning out to memorials and vigils to pay their respects.

A minute’s silence across the country ended in applause in Manchester yesterday. And in St Ann’s Square in the city, a chorus of Oasis song Don’t Look Back in Anger spontaneously began.

Arrests are being carried out across Britain after the Manchester bombing as police fear further attacks and armed soldiers are placed on the streets.

Man Killed In Abuja For Urinating Near Mosque

From The-Breaking-Times:
A middle aged Igbo man was lynched in Jiwa, a community in Abuja, FCT for what they considered as desecration of the Mosque.

The man was said to have urinated near a Mosque which attracted the angst of a Muslim faithful who threw a stone at him, the deceased was said to have retaliated by picking the same stone and throwing back at the man.

An eyewitness who narrated the incident to our reporter said that other Muslim faithful who were infuriated joined and lynched him.

As at press time, tension was mounting among youths in Jiwa and Gwagwa communities in Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC), over the killing.

According to the eyewitness, the man, whose name was not immediately disclosed to news­men, was passing through one of the streets in the village, and then decided to urinate into a drainage, close to a mosque.

The Ibo man was confirmed dead a private hospital in Gwagwa village by doctors in the hospital.

Our correspondent gathered that it took the intervention of the Divisional Police Officer (DPO), Gwagwa Police Station and some other prominent per­sons in the two communities to contain the youths were gather­ing for a reprisal action.

However every effort to reach the FCT police public relations officer (PPRO), Anjuguri Manza proved abortive, as he told our re­porter that he was not in Abuja to respond to such inquiries.

Egypt Strikes Militant Bases After Coptic Christians Killed In Ambush

From USA-Today:
Egyptian fighter jets struck militant bases in eastern Libya late Friday in retaliation for an attack by masked gunmen on a caravan of Coptic Christians that left 28 people dead.

In a televised address, President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi said his forces were hitting what he called "training bases" for the militants who carried out the killings.

Senior officials said the warplanes targeted the headquarters of the Shura Council in the city of Darna, where local militias are known to be linked to al-Qaeda, not the Islamic State .

The Egyptian leader also appealed to President Trump, saying, "I trust you, your word and your ability to make fighting global terror your primary task.”

At the G-7 summit in Italy, Trump condemned the attack on the Christian pilgrims, blaming "evil organizations of terror" and "thuggish ideology."

"The merciless slaughter of Christians in Egypt tears at our hearts and grieves our souls," he said in a statement.

In the caravan attack, masked gunmen driving SUVs opened fire on the Coptic Christian pilgrims heading to a monastery about 130 miles south of the Egyptian capital. According to the local governor and Egyptian security and health officials, the gunmen killed 28 people, and injured at least 23.

The attack came one month after Pope Francis visited Egypt in part to show his support for Christians living in the Muslim majority Arab nation who have been increasingly targeted by Islamic militants.

Although no group immediately claimed responsibility for the latest attack, the Islamic State affiliate in Egypt vowed — following the pope's visit — to escalate attacks against Christians, urging Muslims to steer clear of Christian gatherings and western embassies the militants planned to target.

While the official death toll, according to Health Ministry spokesman Khaled Mugahed, remained at 26, governor Essam El-Bedewy, of the Minya governorate where the attack occurred, told ONTV Live that 28 people were killed and 23 injured.

The higher death toll was also confirmed by Egyptian security and medical officials, who spoke to the Associated Press on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to speak to the media.

Mugahed said the gunmen, riding in three SUVs, ambushed a minibus and two cars of pilgrims heading along a desert road to the monastery of St. Samuel the Confessor in the Minya governorate.

The ministry said there were between eight and 10 attackers dressed in military uniforms, according to witnesses. The statement said the assailants were "randomly shooting" on the caravan of pilgrims, according to AhramOnline.

Arab TV stations showed images of a bus riddled with bullet holes, with many of its windows shattered and bloodstains on the seats. Bodies lay on the ground, covered with black plastic sheets. Children could be heard screaming hysterically in the background.

The victims ranged in age from children to over 60, the bishop of Minya told the privately owned TV Channel DMC. The dead included two girls, ages 2 and 4, according to local officials.

"We are in pain over the violence and evil,” Egypt’s Coptic Orthodox Church said in a statement, adding that it was suffering "with the whole nation over the violence and evil that targets the heart of Egypt and our national unity,” AhramOnline reported.

The MENA news agency reported dozens of roadblocks were thrown up along the highway to track down the gunmen. Minya is located in Upper Egypt on the left bank of the Nile River.

El-Sisi called a meeting of his security council as the government vowed to track down the killers. The prime minister headed to the scene of the attack.

Egypt has been fighting Islamic State-linked militants who have waged an insurgency, mainly focused in the volatile north of the Sinai Peninsula, but there have also been attacks on the mainland.

The armed assault, which took place on the eve of the start of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, is the latest in a series of deadly attacks on Egypt’s Christians following a pair of suicide bombings on Palm Sunday.

On April 9, the bombers attacked St. George's Cathedral in Tanta, killing 29 people, and St. Mark's Cathedral in Alexandria, killing 18.

During the pope's visit to Egypt in late April, Francis paid tribute to the victims of the December bombing at Cairo’s St. Peter’s church, which is located in close proximity to the St. Mark’s Cathedral, the seat of the Coptic Orthodox Church.

Egypt’s Copts, the Middle East’s largest Christian community, have repeatedly complained of suffering discrimination, as well as outright attacks, at hands of the country’s majority Muslim population.

Over the past decades, they have been the immediate targets of Islamic extremists. They rallied behind el-Sissi, the general-turned-president, in 2013 when he ousted his Islamist predecessor Mohammed Morsi, who hailed from the Muslim Brotherhood group. Attacks on Christian homes, businesses and churches subsequently surged, especially in the country’s south.

The militant Islamic group Hamas that rules Gaza condemned Friday's attack, the Associated Press reported. Spokesman Fawzi Barhoum called the shooting “an ugly crime,” of which “the enemies of Egypt” are the only beneficiaries. The Palestinian militant group has been seeking to improve relations with neighboring Egypt.

Iran Builds Third Underground Ballistic Missile Factory

From Y-Net:
A senior Revolutionary Guard commander boasts there are now three underground ballistic missile production factories in Iran, promising Tehran will keep developing its missile program.

Iran has built a third underground ballistic missile production factory and will keep developing its missile program, the semi-official Fars news agency quoted a senior commander of the elite Revolutionary Guard as saying.

The development is likely to fuel tensions with the United States in a week when President Donald Trump, on his first foreign trip, has called Iran a sponsor of militant groups and a threat to countries across the Middle East.

"Iran's third underground factory has been built by the Guards in recent years ... We will continue to further develop our missile capabilities forcefully," Fars quoted Amirali Hajizadeh, head of the Guard’s airspace division, as saying.

Since taking office in January, Trump has imposed new sanctions on Iran in response to its recent missile launches, putting Tehran "on notice".

Iran has reacted defiantly. Newly re-elected pragmatist President Hassan Rouhani said on Monday: "Iran does not need the permission of the United States to conduct missile tests".

Iran's Sunni Muslim Gulf neighbors and its arch-enemy Israel have expressed concerns over Tehran's ballistic missile program, seeing it as a threat to regional security.

In 2015, Iranian state TV aired footage of underground tunnels with ready-to-fire missiles on the back of trucks, saying the facility was one of hundreds of underground missile bases around the country.

"It is natural that our enemies America and the Zionist regime (Israel) are angry with our missile program because they want Iran to be in a weak position," Hajizadeh said.

Most nuclear-related sanctions on Iran were lifted last year after Tehran fulfilled commitments under a 2015 deal with major powers to scale back its nuclear program - an agreement that Trump has frequently criticized as being too soft on Tehran. But Iran remains subject to a UN arms embargo and other restrictions.

Two months after implementation of the deal, the Guards test-fired two ballistic missiles that it said were designed to be able to hit Israel.

Iran says its missile program is not in defiance with a UN resolution that calls on it to refrain from work on ballistic missiles designed to deliver nuclear weapons for up to eight years.

"Along with improving our defense capabilities, we will continue our missile tests and missile production. The next missile to be produced is a surface-to-surface missile," said Hajizadeh, without elaborating.

In retaliation for the new US sanctions over its ballistic missile program, Iran this month added nine American individuals and companies to its own list of 15 US companies for alleged human rights violations and cooperation with Israel.

Disabled Woman Raped By Syrian

From Fria-Tider:
A 28-year-old poet from Syria accused now for the rape of a disabled toilet at the nightclub Strömpis in Orebro in April. He denied the crime, but the prosecution has evidence in the form of several witnesses and forensic evidence.

On April 9, 2017, a woman was raped in the night club "Villa Strömpis" in Örebro. The rape took place inside a disabled toilet sometime between 01:00 and 01:30 the night of Sunday.

Free Times went earlier with the news that the police needed help to get witnesses who stood in the queue and saw the man and woman go in or out of the toilet.

The accused man, who on social media describes itself as a "Syrian poet" and has a blog where he publishes poems in Arabic, denies the offense. But according to the prosecutor, there is evidence as well as several witnesses as forensic evidence, writes Swedish Radio .

28-year-old, who is registered at an address in Kumla, are according to the lawsuit in need of an interpreter in Arabic.

According to the prosecutor were women in a particularly vulnerable situation because of physical limitations. She was through violence forced into sexual intercourse by the man pushed her up against the wall, held her so she could not get out, kept her mouth so she could not scream and then pressing her head and force her to oral sex. Then he pushed his fingers into her vagina and then penetrated her vaginally, according to the criminal act.

Prosecutor Christine Chi has not claimed that 28-year-old to be deported home to the Arab world if convicted.

Nine Christians Tied Up And Shot By Islamists

From Daily-Mail:
ISIS-linked militants reportedly captured nine Christians, tied their hands together and shot them dead in a city in the Philippines.

The Maute group forced the civilians off their truck at a roadside checkpoint in Marawi City on Wednesday and murdered them after they were identified as Christian, local media reported.

Harrowing images show the group lying dead face-down in the grass, amid reports that villagers are afraid to move the bodies because terrorists are still in the area.

One policeman was similarly caught at a checkpoint set up by the militants and beheaded on Wednesday, President Rodrigo Duterte said.

It comes as 100 US-trained special forces aboard helicopters and armoured tanks battled to retake the besieged southern city from rampaging jihadis.

Soldiers were seen crouched behind armoured vehicles and walls around lunchtime on Thursday, firing volleys of gunshots towards elevated positions occupied by Maute rebels. Smoke could also be seen on the horizon.

Five soldiers and one policemen died in the clashes, while 13 gunmen were killed, according to the military.

'We're confronting maybe 30 to 40 remaining from the local terrorist group,' said Jo-Ar Herrera, a spokesman for the military's First Infantry Regiment.

'The military is conducting precise, surgical operations to flush them out ... The situation is very fluid and movements are dynamic because we wanted to out-step and out-manoeuvre them,' he said.

An initial rampage by the gunmen, who have pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group, through the mainly Muslim city of Marawi on Tuesday prompted President Duterte to impose martial law across the southern third of the Philippines.

Authorities said ending the crisis was proving extremely hard because the militants were holed up in residential buildings, had planted improvised bombs in the streets and had taken Catholic hostages.

'People are afraid. They do not want to open establishments. Offices are closed. We do not want people to be used as human shields,' Marawi mayor Majul Usman Gandamra said.

Two military helicopters flew above Marawi and armoured tanks churned through its streets as automatic rifle firing could be heard on Thursday, according to an AFP photographer in the city.

Marawi has about 200,000 residents but many of them have fled because of the fighting.

It is located in Lanao del Sur province, a stronghold of the Maute, a fierce, but little-known group that has been a tricky opponent for the military.

There are only between 50 and 100 gunmen, according to various military officials.

The militants are also holding between 12 and 15 Catholic hostages abducted from a church, according to the local bishop, Edwin Dela Pena.

Its activities are a source of concern for Mindanao native Duterte, who is familiar with separatist unrest but alarmed by the prospect of Islamic State's radical ideology spreading in the Philippines.

Hundreds of civilians, including children, were sheltering in a military camp in Marawi City on Thursday.

The Maute had taken more than a dozen Christians hostage and set free 107 prisoners from two jails since Tuesday.

Bishops and cardinals had pleaded with the Maute rebels, who they said were using Christians and a priest as human shields. The status of the captives was unknown.

The fighting erupted on Tuesday after security forces raided a house where they believed Isnilon Hapilon, a leader of the infamous Abu Sayyaf kidnap-for-ransom gang and Philippine head of IS, was hiding.

The United States regards Hapilon as one of the world's most dangerous terrorists, offering a bounty of $5 million for his capture.

However the raid went spectacularly wrong as dozens of gunmen emerged to repel the security forces, then went on a rampage across the city while flying black IS flags.

They also set fire to many buildings, including a church and a university.

A police chief has been beheaded and 21 people killed when more than 100 ISIS-linked militants stormed a city in the Philippines.

Members of the Maute Islamist group overran Marawi on Mindanao island leading to hours of pitched gun battles in the streets.

'The chief of police in Malabang on his way home, going back he was stopped by a checkpoint manned by terrorists and I think they decapitated them right then and there,'  Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte said.

Terrorists also attacked the Cathedral of Our Lady Help and abducted church staff including Father Chito Suganob and worshipers.

'They have threatened to kill the hostages if the government forces unleashed against them are not recalled,' Filipino Archbishop Socrates Villegas said in a statement.

National military spokesman Colonel Edgard Arevalo said 13 government soldiers were killed along with 13 militants.

President Duterte, who declared martial law in parts of Mindanao after militants clashed with soldiers in Marawi yesterday, said he may extend it to other parts of the country if extremists seek sanctuary elsewhere.

'We are in state of emergency,' he told reporters in Manila after a state visit to Moscow, adding he would deal with militants 'harshly'.

Chilling photos on social media purported to show Maute gunmen planting an ISIS-style black and white flag on top of a building in the middle of the city.

'At the time of his capture, Father Chito was in the performance of his ministry as a priest,' Archbishop Villegas said.

'He was not a combatant. He was not bearing arms. He was a threat to none. His capture and that of his companions violates every norm of civilised conflict.'

But Marawi Mayor Majul Usman Gandamra has refused to confirm reports the terror group took hostages and insisted that the local government has the situation under control.

In a telephone interview with national broadcaster ANC, Gandamra said he was working with the military to bring peace and order to the city.

Police and military spokesmen were not immediately available to comment on Villegas's report of the hostage taking.

The fighting in Marawi erupted yesterday when security forces raided a house they believed Isnilon Hapilon, leader of the infamous Abu Sayyaf kidnap gang and Philippine head of ISIS, was hiding.

The United States regards Hapilon as one of the world's most dangerous terrorists, offering a bounty of $6 million for his capture.

More than 100 gunmen responded to the raid by burning buildings and conducting other diversionary tactics, according to Defence Secretary Delfin Lorenzana.

Security analysts say Hapilon has been trying to unite Filipino militant groups that have professed allegiance to IS.

These include the Maute group, named after two brothers who lead it and which is based near Marawi.

Duterte had repeatedly said the growing influence of Islamic State was one of the nation's top security concerns, and martial law was necessary to stop it.

However Islamist militancy is not new to the southern Philippines, where a decades-long Muslim separatist insurgency claimed more than 120,000 lives.

Muslim rebels orchestrated a siege in the southern city of Zamboanga in 2013 that left more than 200 people dead.

But the government of then-president Benigno Aquino did not declare martial law.

Aquino also said he had considered imposing martial law just before standing down last year in Sulu, island strongholds of the Abu Sayyaf in the far south of Mindanao.

But Aquino said he decided against it partly because military rule could spark resentment among local people.

Double Bombing At Tourist Hotspot Leaves Body Parts Scattered

From Express:
A double explosion in Indonesia's capital has left three police officers dead.

Three police officers and two suspected suicide bombers were killed at the scene in Kampung Melayu in East Jakarta.

Ten people, including several other officers, were hurt in the twin blasts.

Eyewitnesses in the densely populated neighbourhood said two loud explosions were heard at about 9pm.

Several witnesses said the blasts occurred about 10 minutes apart near a bus stop and a motorcycle parking area.

Photos and videos from the scene showed blood, human flesh and dismembered body parts.

A limb and what appeared to be a severed head were allegedly seen at the bus stop.

Meanwhile President Joko Widodo said tonight authorities would "clobber" any group threatening to destroy Indonesia's tradition of pluralism and moderate Islam.

Mr Widodo said there were no words other than "clobber" or "kick" to describe how to deal with groups that threatened the stability of the state.

He said: "We must stay in the existing corridor and, once again, don't take society into a social rift, which makes us disharmonious, or makes us become disunited.”

Authorities in the world's biggest Muslim-majority nation have been increasingly worried about a resurgence in radicalism, driven in part by a new generation of militants inspired by Islamic State.

Hardline Islamist groups, banned under the authoritarian regime of president Suharto, which ended in 1998, have gained ground in recent years, though they are usually small and on the fringes of society.

There has been a series of low-level attacks linked to Islamic State since January 2016, when four militants mounted a gun and bomb assault in the heart of Jakarta.

Eight people were killed in that attack, including the militants.

Suicide Bomber Kills Five In Somalia

From Reuters:
A suicide bomber killed five people, including a policeman, and injured 12 others on Tuesday at a police checkpoint in Somalia's northern Puntland region, a local governor said, the first such attack in three years.

Although suicide bombings are common in the capital of Mogadishu, they are relatively rare in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland, where the security forces are relatively regularly paid and receive substantial U.S. assistance.

"The bomber seemed suspicious as he walked and when he was ordered to stop, he blew himself up," said Yusuf Mohamed, governor of Bari region in Puntland.

The al Qaeda-linked Somali Islamist insurgency, al Shabaab, which claims responsibility for most attacks, told Reuters they were not behind the bombing.

Puntland, which is just across the Red Sea from Yemen, is also home to a splinter group of al Shabaab that has sworn allegiance to the Islamic State group. Security sources say there is a small contingent of foreigners there too.

The fighters loyal to Islamic State briefly seized the port town of Qandala in December but were driven back into the mountains by Puntland security services.

It was not immediately clear who was responsible for the attack.

Somalia has been ravaged by civil war since 1991, when clan-based warlords overthrew a dictator and then turned on each other.